HIV/AIDS

MDG Six in Timor-Leste


Goal Six: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & Other Diseases
Target 1: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
Target 2: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
 


Timor-Leste is currently experiencing a low level HIV epidemic. Prevalence was less than one per cent in both the 2004 and 2007 studies conducted by WHO. There is also evidence of a low level epidemic in that the total number of HIV case detections so far in the country is less than two hundred. Health workers and community workers in Dili have noted that there are a few women widowed by AIDS and children orphaned by AIDS. Mother to child transmission of the virus has also been noted and children have died of HIV disease. These findings indicate that HIV has been present in the country for up to ten years. However, low HIV prevalence at present does not indicate that there is low HIV vulnerability. There are clear indications that Timor-Leste has many of the factors that increase vulnerability to HIV. Poverty and limited opportunities for income from employment, especially for women, push people into high-risk behaviour. This includes both commercial sex and transactional sex. Low levels of literacy make social mobilization and HIV prevention education more challenging. Although it has other impacts on the epidemic, gender inequality increases both the supply and demand for commercial sex. Timorese women are driven to sex work by poverty and Timorese men have disposable income to purchase sex. Timor-Leste is reported to have extremely high levels of gender based violence. Sexual violence and gender-based violence undermine womenΓÇÖs ability to negotiated safe sex. There are anecdotal reports that trafficking of women into exploitative sexual situations occurs within Timor-Leste. There have also been unconfirmed reports of women trafficked to and from the country.

Timor-Leste has 56 reported cases of HIV/AIDS. The Government of Timor-Leste has adopted international procedures on HIV/AIDS such as international precautions, PEP, Mother to child transmission, GIPA etc. Given its global mandate of mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in development work, UNDP Timor-Leste has supported setting up of the National AIDS Commission (NAC) in 2006 and continues to assist strengthening NAC secretariat. NAC is composed of 22 members including National NGOs, National Parliament, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Social Solidarity, Faith Based Organizations, clinical services, National Hospital, UNTG and CCM.

HIV/AIDS: The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Timor-Leste is presently low. However, presence of risk factors like high levels of STIs, low community awareness, social dislocation and rapid social change have the potential to rapidly change the scenario. HIV has been accorded priority in the Health Sector Strategic Plan 2008 ΓÇô 2012 developed by the Ministry of Health. The National HIV/AIDS and STI Strategic Plan for 2006 ΓÇô 2010 focuses on prevention and education; voluntary counseling and testing; multi-sectoral response; and clinical services. The National Programme has initiated interventions on community awareness generation, role out of VCT services, targeted interventions among the most at risk groups in collaboration with civil society partners and STI services with fund support from Global Fund.


ARTIGU KONABA "AIDS HO FETO" NEBE WEBSITE KA PORTAL MINISTERIU SAUDE HATUUN IHA LORON HIRAK LIU BA NEE MINISTERIU SAUDE REKONHESE HANESAN FALHANSU TEKNIKU NO AGORA DADAUN SEI IHA HELA PROSESU LARAN. HUSU DESKULPA BA LEE NAIN SIRA ATU BELE KOMPRENDE KONABA SITUASAUN IDA NEE. AMI HEIN KATAK IHA FUTURU SEI LAO DIAK LIUTAN, OBRIGADU WAIN BA KOMPRENSAUN TOMAK.